“Votes for Women: A Portrait of Persistence”

Planning for 2020 has manifested into an exhibition at the Smithsonian’s National Portrait Gallery in Washington, D.C. celebrating the centennial anniversary of the ratification of the 19th Amendment. Titled “Votes for Women: A Portrait of Persistence,” it opens on March 29, 2019, and will be on view through January 5, 2020.

This history of women’s suffrage in the United States will be spread over seven rooms at the museum and display more than 120 portraits and objects spanning from 1832 to 1965. The range of topics includes “Radical Women: 1832–1869,” “Women Activists: 1870–1892,” “The New Woman: 1893–1912,” “Compelling Tactics: 1913–1916,” “Militancy in the American Suffragist Movement: 1917–1919” and “The Nineteenth Amendment and Its Legacy.”

The exhibition also includes early photographic portraits, paintings, engravings, works on paper, lithographs, video, newspapers, postcards, books, ballots, banners, fliers, a china set, embroidery, and pennants.

The Smithsonian’s National Portrait Gallery is located at 8th St NW & F St NW, Washington, D.C. 20001. Follow

This entry was posted on March 30, 2019, in Blog.

New votes for women graphics for the 2020 suffrage centennial…

When preparing for the 2020 women’s vote centennial, don’t forget the work of graphic artist Meneese Wall who has created signed art prints and notecards to celebrate the upcoming 2020 centennial of the 19th Amendment to the US Constitution. We’ve alerted you to this in the past, and this is a reminder that this collection is perfect for gifts and sales at your suffrage events and celebrations. For more information:

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This entry was posted on March 23, 2019, in Blog.

Women’s History Month gifts and celebrations lead up to 2020 suffrage centennial!

Across the nation special community and school events are planned during Women’s History Month. Classroom teachers have been scheduling learning opportunities. Special posters, balloons, books, and party favors are available through web sites at historic sites and organizational gift shops.

Zoe Nicholson, for example, is busy during March of 2019 presenting programs about suffrage activist Alice Paul. Check out Zoe’s web site at

For example, some of Zoe’s programming…

imagesFollow on Facebook page, Twitter, email subscription, and the Quarterly Newsletter. Sign up for email on this web page. Stay up to date with postings, audio podcasts, and videos. Plan for your 2020 suffrage centennial event.

Book on votes for women “suffragents” raises questions for women today!

Happy Women’s History Month. Let’s take a look at the “suffragents,” an overlooked group from history that raises questions for women today.

Opposition to equal rights was an important consideration during the first wave of the women’s rights movement in the United States. The liquor movement was one such source. And there were many others, including women and men themselves. The unequal social and economic system is a fact of life impacting many more individuals and organizations than women at the present time.

There’s a book out by Brooke Kroeger (published in 2017) that studies the involvement of men allies in the first wave of the women’s rights movement. When reading to the very end of The Suffragents: How Women Used Men to Get the Vote, the author suggests that the involvement of men in the first wave turned out to be important.

Kroeger suggests that there isn’t anything comparable today in terms of men building support for the Equal Rights Amendment and other issues on a large scale. One factor mentioned by votes for women activists of a different era boiled down to opposition based on “deeply entrenched attitudes about the nature and role of women.”

The book about the men allies raises important questions, especially the author’s mention that a men’s support network like 100 years ago doesn’t exist today. She brings up other important questions, such as—

“Was their participation as ‘suffragents’ lost in recall because of the fullness of the subsequent twenty, thirty, forty, or fifty years in most of their lives? Or was the downplaying deliberate, a postchivalrous response to obscure their role in the great women’s epic, as good allies should; that certainly has been the effect. It would be consistent that the men preferred to be in the historical shadows…”

Anyone studying the men’s movement today finds both support and opposition by men. These and other questions persist during Women’s History Month, a time to reflect on why today the men’s movement today is divided. And this goes for the women’s equal rights movement as well.

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This entry was posted on March 9, 2019, in Blog.

Is there liberty and justice for all? Or the eternal question…will the Equal Rights Amendment ever be ratified?

ERA means the Equal Rights Amendment.

There is no deadline for equal human rights. That’s what increasing numbers of people are saying. The ERA, affirming the equal application of the Constitution to all persons regardless of their sex, was written in 1923 by Alice Paul, suffragist activist and founder of the National Woman’s Party. After women’s right to vote was guaranteed by the 19th Amendment in 1920, she proposed the ERA as the next step in confirming “equal justice under law” for all citizens.

The ERA was introduced into every Congress between 1923 and 1972, when it was passed and sent to the states for ratification. The Equal Rights Amendment extends the 14th Amendment’s “equal protection” clause to effectively end sex discrimination under law. If you’ve ever been confused about the ERA or felt overwhelmed abut the ratification process, here’s a crash course.


  • Section 1. Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex.
  • Section 2. The Congress shall have the power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article.
  • Section 3. This amendment shall take effect two years after the date of ratification.


The Equal Rights Amendment was introduced in Congress in 1923. Fifty years later in 1972, the U.S. Congress chose to impose a seven-year deadline for state ratifications; this deadline ended in 1982. A total of 38 states were needed and 35 states ratified.  Only three states fell short of the 1982 deadline. And so the ERA has been languishing.  Legal analysis sponsored by the ERA Summit at the University of Richmond argued that the ERA’s deadline is not permanent and could be extended again or removed altogether. In 2001, the ERA Campaign Network commissioned a survey from the Opinion Research Corporation and found that 96 percent of Americans believed “male and female citizens should have equal rights,” with 88 percent of those polled believing that equal rights should be written into the Constitution.

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This entry was posted on March 2, 2019, in Blog.

Women’s History Month—Participate in gravesite project!


Women’s Rights National Historical Park in Seneca Falls, NY will be celebrating the national Women’s History Month in March with an array of programming and special events. New exhibits will be unveiled featuring some of the park’s most significant historical objects related to the first Women’s Rights Convention held in the park’s Wesleyan Chapel in 1848.


Women’s Rights National Historical Park is key in the story of the first wave of the women’s rights movement. All sites within Women’s Rights National Historical Park are free and open to the public during March, Women’s History Month.


Part of the preparation for Women’s History Month and 2020, the national votes for women centennial, has to do with identifying the graves of suffrage activists. A message from the National Women’s History Alliance:

“Once you have located suffragist grave sites in your area, share the names and location of the burial site so that we can submit their names to the national registry for suffrage sites and ensure they are remembered and celebrated for years to come.”


Help in spreading the word to communicators about the support for their outreach about the 2020 votes for women centennial. honors Women’s History Month.

2019 is a great planning year for the 2020 votes for women centennial!


There are so many programs and special events planned for 2020 that it’s best to refer Americans to the event listings with the Votes for Women Centennial. Meanwhile, the planning continues.

Work is in progress for a musical about the first wave of the women’s rights movement that’s loosely defined as from 1848 to 1920. And 2020 is the anniversary of US women voting for 100 years. There are still serious kinks to be worked out, in addition to complications caused by gerrymandering and other serious issues.


Shaina Taub calls her musical work in progress “The Suffragists,” and some of the songs from this upcoming production were introduced at the 75th anniversary of the Schlesinger Library at Harvard University last year. The musical focuses on the latter part of the movement for voting rights—the relationship between Alice Paul and Carrie Chapman Catt that point up Paul’s “idealism” and Catt’s “practicality” and their relationship to other groups adding to tensions within the movement, a decentralized and often fragmented campaign now being recognized in the 2020 votes for women centennial.

SUFFRAGE CENTENNIAL RESOURCES has been publishing since 2013. We’re passionate about the 2020 votes for women centennial. And we continue urging individuals, organizations, policymakers, historians, and others to prepare. Make sure a celebration is on your planning list.

Visit our sister web platforms: is a public information service for the media when covering 2020 women’s voting rights events. celebrates the “Spirit of 1776” suffrage campaign wagon that was used for organizing in NYC and on Long island during 1913. It will be on exhibit at the New York State Museum in 2020.

Our newest sister suffrage site: 


An occasion to celebrate—Inez Milholland’s birthday on August 6th!


Mark your calendar for August 6th and make plans now for an observance. Inez Milholland is the US suffrage martyr. And more Americans than ever know about her because of the 2016 centennial observance of her death in 2016, a special campaign by the National Women’s History Alliance with Marguerite Kearns and Robert P.J. Cooney Jr. as co-chairs.


Check out for updates about how Inez will be honored when it has been 100 years since the ratification of the 19th Amendment to the US Constiitution. It isn’t too early to mark your calendar and get busy with others across the nation who are planning to observe Inez Milholland on her birthday in August.


Suffrage Wagon News Channel will commemorate ten years of publishing since 2009. is a public service for the media, policymakers, historians, and many others. highlights and events and special programs planned for 2020. has lots of resources and information about the nation’s suffrage martyr.

Happy Valentine’s Day from Suffrage Centennials!

Make “Votes for Women” fortune cookies for a special gift! on Vimeo.

Happy Valentine’s Day! Make some “Votes for Women” fortune cookies for your friends and family members for birthday and holiday gifts!

Part of the emphasis is that on Valentine’s Day we are reinforcing the news that we are partners with Vision 2020, along with other organizations working to bring attention to the 2020 votes for women centennial nationally.

Visit our sister sites, along with, the most recent addition. If the first wave of women’s rights doesn’t include Quaker women, then we will have increased the black hole of misinformation about the movement. Let’s see what Quaker women have to say about filling in the blanks on Valentine’s Day of 2019.

Vision 2020 is one of many organizations working hard in public and behind the scenes. Join us!