Is there liberty and justice for all? Or the eternal question…will the Equal Rights Amendment ever be ratified?

ERA means the Equal Rights Amendment.

There is no deadline for equal human rights. That’s what increasing numbers of people are saying. The ERA, affirming the equal application of the Constitution to all persons regardless of their sex, was written in 1923 by Alice Paul, suffragist activist and founder of the National Woman’s Party. After women’s right to vote was guaranteed by the 19th Amendment in 1920, she proposed the ERA as the next step in confirming “equal justice under law” for all citizens.

The ERA was introduced into every Congress between 1923 and 1972, when it was passed and sent to the states for ratification. The Equal Rights Amendment extends the 14th Amendment’s “equal protection” clause to effectively end sex discrimination under law. If you’ve ever been confused about the ERA or felt overwhelmed abut the ratification process, here’s a crash course.


  • Section 1. Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex.
  • Section 2. The Congress shall have the power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article.
  • Section 3. This amendment shall take effect two years after the date of ratification.


The Equal Rights Amendment was introduced in Congress in 1923. Fifty years later in 1972, the U.S. Congress chose to impose a seven-year deadline for state ratifications; this deadline ended in 1982. A total of 38 states were needed and 35 states ratified.  Only three states fell short of the 1982 deadline. And so the ERA has been languishing.  Legal analysis sponsored by the ERA Summit at the University of Richmond argued that the ERA’s deadline is not permanent and could be extended again or removed altogether. In 2001, the ERA Campaign Network commissioned a survey from the Opinion Research Corporation and found that 96 percent of Americans believed “male and female citizens should have equal rights,” with 88 percent of those polled believing that equal rights should be written into the Constitution.

Follow for updates.


This entry was posted on March 2, 2019, in Blog.

ERA fails in Virginia. When planning for 2020, consider a party for Susan B. Anthony’s 200th birthday!


The ERA momentum failed in Virginia. The ERA ratification movement is looking toward Arizona and North Carolina. Supporters say that 80 percent of the Virginia electorate supported equal rights for women in the US Constitution. However, their elected officials voted not to go on the record for equality.

With the 100th anniversary of the ratification of the 19th Amendment coming up in 2020, women across the nation will be hearing mixed messages about the rite of passage associated with anniversaries. With the news coming in so far, some observers are suggesting that American women should be buckling their seat belts in preparation.


Susan B. Anthony will be 200 years old in 2020. If you’re planning for 2020, the national suffrage centennial, a birthday party for Susan B. Anthony is consistent with the observances being scheduled now. It can be a fun party, a fundraiser, or a feature at your conference. There are plenty of resources online.

And while you’re at it, contribute to the Turning Point Suffrage Memorial. It will be opening in 2020 and what you give now will make a difference. Some of the plans have changed since this video, but it still gives a peek at some of the planning underway. By the way, more activists than Susan B. Anthony will be honored in the Memorial.

VIDEO: Be on the Cutting Edge with your Support of the Suffragist Memorial! on Vimeo. is a partner with Vision 2020.

This entry was posted on February 25, 2019, in Events.

Women’s History Month—Participate in gravesite project!


Women’s Rights National Historical Park in Seneca Falls, NY will be celebrating the national Women’s History Month in March with an array of programming and special events. New exhibits will be unveiled featuring some of the park’s most significant historical objects related to the first Women’s Rights Convention held in the park’s Wesleyan Chapel in 1848.


Women’s Rights National Historical Park is key in the story of the first wave of the women’s rights movement. All sites within Women’s Rights National Historical Park are free and open to the public during March, Women’s History Month.


Part of the preparation for Women’s History Month and 2020, the national votes for women centennial, has to do with identifying the graves of suffrage activists. A message from the National Women’s History Alliance:

“Once you have located suffragist grave sites in your area, share the names and location of the burial site so that we can submit their names to the national registry for suffrage sites and ensure they are remembered and celebrated for years to come.”


Help in spreading the word to communicators about the support for their outreach about the 2020 votes for women centennial. honors Women’s History Month.

2019 is a great planning year for the 2020 votes for women centennial!


There are so many programs and special events planned for 2020 that it’s best to refer Americans to the event listings with the Votes for Women Centennial. Meanwhile, the planning continues.

Work is in progress for a musical about the first wave of the women’s rights movement that’s loosely defined as from 1848 to 1920. And 2020 is the anniversary of US women voting for 100 years. There are still serious kinks to be worked out, in addition to complications caused by gerrymandering and other serious issues.


Shaina Taub calls her musical work in progress “The Suffragists,” and some of the songs from this upcoming production were introduced at the 75th anniversary of the Schlesinger Library at Harvard University last year. The musical focuses on the latter part of the movement for voting rights—the relationship between Alice Paul and Carrie Chapman Catt that point up Paul’s “idealism” and Catt’s “practicality” and their relationship to other groups adding to tensions within the movement, a decentralized and often fragmented campaign now being recognized in the 2020 votes for women centennial.

SUFFRAGE CENTENNIAL RESOURCES has been publishing since 2013. We’re passionate about the 2020 votes for women centennial. And we continue urging individuals, organizations, policymakers, historians, and others to prepare. Make sure a celebration is on your planning list.

Visit our sister web platforms: is a public information service for the media when covering 2020 women’s voting rights events. celebrates the “Spirit of 1776” suffrage campaign wagon that was used for organizing in NYC and on Long island during 1913. It will be on exhibit at the New York State Museum in 2020.

Our newest sister suffrage site: 


An occasion to celebrate—Inez Milholland’s birthday on August 6th!


Mark your calendar for August 6th and make plans now for an observance. Inez Milholland is the US suffrage martyr. And more Americans than ever know about her because of the 2016 centennial observance of her death in 2016, a special campaign by the National Women’s History Alliance with Marguerite Kearns and Robert P.J. Cooney Jr. as co-chairs.


Check out for updates about how Inez will be honored when it has been 100 years since the ratification of the 19th Amendment to the US Constiitution. It isn’t too early to mark your calendar and get busy with others across the nation who are planning to observe Inez Milholland on her birthday in August.


Suffrage Wagon News Channel will commemorate ten years of publishing since 2009. is a public service for the media, policymakers, historians, and many others. highlights and events and special programs planned for 2020. has lots of resources and information about the nation’s suffrage martyr.

Happy Valentine’s Day from Suffrage Centennials!

Make “Votes for Women” fortune cookies for a special gift! on Vimeo.

Happy Valentine’s Day! Make some “Votes for Women” fortune cookies for your friends and family members for birthday and holiday gifts!

Part of the emphasis is that on Valentine’s Day we are reinforcing the news that we are partners with Vision 2020, along with other organizations working to bring attention to the 2020 votes for women centennial nationally.

Visit our sister sites, along with, the most recent addition. If the first wave of women’s rights doesn’t include Quaker women, then we will have increased the black hole of misinformation about the movement. Let’s see what Quaker women have to say about filling in the blanks on Valentine’s Day of 2019.

Vision 2020 is one of many organizations working hard in public and behind the scenes. Join us!


Grant program for across the US—Votes for Women historic markers!

If you have an idea for a free historic marker to commemorate women’s suffrage in your community, please contact your NVWT State Coordinator to begin the nomination process: You can also contact the NCWHS directly: Municipalities, nonprofit academic institutions and 501(c)(3) organizations are especially encouraged to submit a nomination. Pomeroy Foundation signage grants are fully funded and cover the entire cost of a marker, pole and shipping. The local partner is responsible for installation of the marker.


The National Collaborative for Women’s History Sites is a non-profit organization established to support and promote the preservation and interpretation of sites and locales that bear witness to women’s participation in American history. NCWHS is dedicated to making women’s contributions to history visible so all women’s experiences and potential are fully valued. Visit:

 About the Pomeroy Foundation

The William G. Pomeroy Foundation is a private foundation established in 2005. The Foundation is committed to supporting the celebration and preservation of community history; and to raising awareness, supporting research and improving the quality of care for patients and their families who are facing a blood cancer diagnosis. To date, the Foundation has awarded nearly 800 grants for historic signage in New York State and beyond. Visit: is a partner with Vision 2020.

This entry was posted on February 11, 2019, in Blog.

Quaker women see the need to be visible during the women’s suffrage centennial in 2020

It’s difficult to speak about the first wave of the women’s suffrage movement without giving a nod to Quaker women. Of the women of Seneca Falls, New York planning the 1848 women’s conference, all but one were Quaker women. The lone exception—Elizabeth Cady Stanton.

There’s a new web site just gearing up to spread the word about this initiative—

If you’re a Quaker women or know someone who is, share this email with them.

Our sister site,, has just announced its partnership with Vision 2020 that will hold special programs in the Philadelphia area during August of 2020. LetsRockTheCradle is a public service for writers, journalists, bloggers, educators, and others who have been busy spreading the word about 2020 and the upcoming suffrage centennial celebrations. The Cradle platform is sharing its Vision 2020 partnership.


This entry was posted on February 9, 2019, in Blog.

Report from the grassroots— from Marguerite Kearns


Former Wisconsin Lieutenant Governor Rebecca Kleefisch has been appointed as the head of the national Women’s Suffrage Centennial Commission. The US Congress created the commission to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the ratification to the 19th Amendment to the US, Constitution that became the law of the land in 1920.

Kleefisch, a former television reporter, served eight years as lieutenant governor under Governor Scott Walker of Wisconsin in November. Her appointment to head the national suffrage commission is proving to be highly controversial.

From Marguerite Kearns:

I’m still plugging along, working on the grassroots to give women’s history a presence. I’m the representative in my state for the Votes for Women Trail that consists of working with the Pomeroy Foundation. The goal is to place women’s history markers in key strategic places in communities across the nation.

Now with the gift of the Pomeroy Foundation in New York State, five free Votes for Women trail markers (per state) will be part of establishing a national women’s suffrage trail for 2020. It’s a collaboration with the National Collaborative for Women’s History Sites. Quite a mouthful.

The State of New Mexico placed a limited number of women’s history markers in key communities several years ago. There’s a database online, and support for this program of working on the grassroots. Wherever these women’s history historic markers are unveiled, there’s attention and an ongoing reminder of the work still to be completed in the arena of equal rights.

As state rep for NM, I have been approaching different statewide organizations to take up the challenge of placing five more markers for the 2020 suffrage centennial for the state. And the same effort is ongoing in other states across the country. Our goal is 2020, the suffrage centennial.

Several states still need coordinators for the women’s trail. Contact Nancy Brown and Marsha Weinstein. And visit the web site yourself. has been publishing since 2013. We started out as a blogging tour in the “Cradle” of the women’s rights movement in the United States. Now, we’re part of many teams working up front and behind the scenes to keep the idea of a 2020 suffrage centennial alive.


This entry was posted on February 4, 2019, in Blog. supports history has value statement! is conducting a national campaign to raise awareness about history has value campaign. We support this initiative., a sister site to, has been spreading the word about the “Value of History” statement. The campaign has special relevance to many organizations and individuals planning for 2020 when US women will have been voting for 100 years. If your organizations hasn’t endorsed the history has value statement, plan to do so.

SUFFRAGE CENTENNIAL NEWS: This is the third year in a row that the Shaker Museum in New Lebanon, NY has received funding from the State of New York. In 2018 a Workforce Investment grant allowed the Museum to transition its Director of Advancement from part-time to full-time. In 2017, a grant in observance of the centennial of women’s suffrage in New York State supported the Museum’s exhibition “Break Every Yoke: Shakers, gender equality, and women’s suffrage.”


IDENTITY » History nurtures personal and collective identity in a diverse world. People discover their place in time through stories of their families, communities, and nation. These stories of freedom and equality, injustice and struggle, loss and achievement, and courage and triumph shape people’s personal values that guide them through life.

CRITICAL THINKING » History teaches vital skills. Historical thinking requires critical approaches to evidence and argument and develops contextual understanding and historical perspective, encouraging meaningful engagement with concepts like continuity, change, and causation, and the ability to interpret and communicate complex ideas clearly and coherently.


VIBRANT COMMUNITIES » History is the foundation for strong, vibrant communities. A place becomes a community when wrapped in human memory as told through family stories, tribal traditions, and civic commemorations as well as discussions about our roles and responsibilities to each other and the places we call home.

ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT » History is a catalyst for economic growth. Communities with cultural heritage institutions and a strong sense of historical character attract talent, increase tourism revenues, enhance business development, and fortify local economies.


ENGAGED CITIZENS » History helps people envision a better future. Democracy thrives when individuals convene to express opinions, listen to others, and take action. Weaving history into discussions about contemporary issues clarifies differing perspectives and misperceptions, reveals complexities, grounds competing views in evidence, and introduces new ideas; all can lead to greater understanding and viable community solutions.

LEADERSHIP » History inspires leaders. History provides today’s leaders with role models as they navigate through the complexities of modern life. The stories of persons from the past can offer direction to contemporary leaders and help clarify their values and ideals.

LEGACY » History, saved and preserved, is the foundation for future generations. Historical knowledge is crucial to protecting democracy. By preserving authentic and meaningful documents, artifacts, images, stories, and places, future generations have a foundation on which to build and know what it means to be a member of the civic community. has been publishing since 2013. Our sister site,, is getting started. If you know a Quaker woman interested in recognizing the Quaker activists of the first wave of the women’s rights movement in the United States, send them to this web platform.

This entry was posted on February 2, 2019, in Blog and tagged .